Rains are blessings and curse at the same time, heavy downpour can cause a lot of distractions in human life.
Floods caused by heavy downpour can potentially increase the transmission of the following communicable diseases.
Take a look of the diseases caused by floods.
Cholera: is the most common and deadly bacterial disease that spreads during floods is cholera.
This disease is caused by contaminated food, water and also poor hygienic conditions. Common symptoms of cholera are severe diarrhea and vomiting which causes immediate water loss and muscle cramps. Cholera requires immediate treatment because the disease can cause death within hours.
Typhoid: Typhoid is another waterborne bacterial infection caused by bacteria called Salmonella.
This disease is caused by contaminated food or drinking water.
Symptoms of the diseases are prolonged high fever, severe abdomen pain, headache; vomits are common symptoms of this disease. The worst part is that the infection of this disease can remain in the gall bladder of the patient even after he/she is cured.
Diarrhoea: Diarrhoea is one of the most common waterborne diseases that mostly affects children under the age of 5.
The infection of diarrhea spreads when one eats contaminated food and impure water.
Some of the symptoms of diarrhea include dehydration, severe dizziness, loss of consciousness, pale skin and bloody stool, little or no urination.
The disease can last up to 2 weeks by leaving the person dehydrated and if kept untreated the infected person can lose his/her life as well.
Hepatitis A: The other most common type of waterborne diseases is Hepatitis A and it is caused by Hepatitis A virus, which affects mainly the liver.
It is normally spread by the fecal-oral route, by direct contact with the infected person or by ingestion of the contaminated food or water.
Some of the symptoms that you can find in the infected person are nausea, vomiting, and high fever.
Some preventive measures you should take to avoid water-borne diseases:
Clean water is a prerequisite for reducing the spread of water-borne diseases.
The prevalence of water-borne diseases may be greatly reduced by providing people with safe, sanitary disposal of feces and provision of clean drinking water.
Vector-borne diseases, such as malaria, dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever, yellow fever, and West Nile Fever.